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Title IX Resource Center

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    Title IX and Athletics

    Title IX Regulation on Athletics

    This regulation provides information on the factors that the U.S. Department of Education considers when determining whether athletics programs are complying with Title IX in terms of gender equity.

    Title IX and Intercollegiate Athletics

    Since issuing this policy interpretation on December 11, 1979, the U.S. Department has since issued several clarifications that should be considered in conjunction with this document. The document lays out factors that the Department will consider in evaluating equality in the areas set forth in the regulations. Note, this policy interpretation is generally applied to high school athletics as well. 

    Clarification of Intercollegiate Athletics Policy Guidance: The Three-Part Test

    This document from the U.S. Department of Education considers the three-part test to determine whether an institution is providing appropriate, non-discriminatory participation opportunities for members of each sex in more detail.

    Additional Clarification of Intercollegiate Athletics Policy:  Three-Part Test – Part Three

    This guidance document from the U.S. Department of Education discusses the third prong of the three-part test in depth and includes specific information on crafting an assessment of students’ athletic interests and abilities.

    Dear Colleague Letters regarding Athletic Scholarships

    In 1998, the U.S. Department of Education issued two letters to the same institution regarding the provision of athletic scholarships in a manner consistent with Title IX. The first discusses the requirement that men’s and women’s athletic scholarships be “substantially proportionate,” while the second letter is related to equitable apportionment of athletic financial aid.

    NCAA: Inclusion of Transgender Student-Athletes

    This NCAA policy outlines rules for participation by transgender students in accordance with their gender identity. 

    NCAA Sexual Violence Policy

    This policy was last amended on April 30, 2020, and is effective with the 2021-2022 academic year attestation. It requires athletic departments to provide certain training regarding sexual violence prevention, intervention and response, and requires student-athletes to complete an annual disclosure form regarding sexual, interpersonal and other acts of violence. The policy also requires institutions to gather information on investigations, disciplinary actions and criminal proceedings on prospective and transfer students.

    OCR Resolution Agreements Regarding Athletics and Title IX

    This search engine allows for review of resolution documents prepared by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights. The database can be sorted by K-12 or collegiate agreements, and by year.